Breast Health Information

Health breasts look and feel good. To monitor breast health, every woman must get comfortable examining her breast. This is called Breast Self Examination. Women 20 years and above are advised to do a Breast Self Exam every month in the order; Touch, Look, Check



  • Can you feel a lump in your breast or armpit?
  • Is there a recent thickening of the breast tissue?
  • Do you have constant breast pain?


  • A recent change in size or shape of the breast e.g. one breast becomes bigger than the other
  • A recent change in breast skin texture e.g orange peel appearance, dimpling of the skin, a rash or crusting of the skin.
  • A change in breast skin colour e.g. the breast may look red or inflamed.
  • A change in appearance or direction of the nipple? e.g. one might become pulled inward.
  • A bloody or brownish nipple discharge.


  • If you notice anything abnormal, get it checked out by your doctor as soon as possible.
  • Women should also have the following:

    • Clinical breast examination: A CBE is an examination of your breasts by a doctor or nurse. The CBE is a good time for women who don’t know how to examine their breasts to learn the right way to do it.
    • Annual mammogram: A mammogram is an X-ray of both breasts that can be used to check for breast cancer in women who have no signs or symptoms of the disease. A mammogram can detect a breast lump 2 years before you or a doctor can feel it. A mammogram is not suitable for women below 40 year.

    These details are summarized in the table below

    Breast Self Exam(BSE) From Age 20years Once every month Touch Look Check
    Clinical Breast Exam(CBE) From Age 20years
    From Age 20years
    Once every 3years
    Once every year
    Annual Mammogram From Age 20years Once every year